Sykose.com has provided a nice write up of the history and application of mountain biking.  Although, it only interacts with sources up until 2011 and leaves out more recent developments such as the new XX1 component set and the rise of the Fatbike subculture, this article lays a good foundation of how far mountain biking has come since 1966.

The history of the mountain bike includes contributions from cyclo-cross in Europe and the Roughstuff Fellowship[1] in the UK. The name “mountain bike” first appeared in print in 1966 as “mountain bicycle”. The mountain bike was a modified heavy cruiser bicycle used for freewheeling down mountain trails. The sport became popular in the 1970s in Marin county, California, USA. The 2007 documentary film, Klunkerz: A Film About Mountain Bikes, looks at this period of off-road cycling in detail. However, it was not until the late 1970s and early 1980s that road bicycle companies started to manufacture mountain bicycles using high-tech lightweight materials, such as M4 aluminum. The first mass production mountain bike was the Specialized Stumpjumper, first produced in 1981.[2] Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, mountain biking moved from a little-known sport to a mainstream activity complete with an international racing circuit and a world championship.

Read full article at Sykose.com.

Advertisements